The Fraser Years – and the origins of Friends of the ABC (cont from 8)

Keith Mackriell, former assistant general manager of radio, now CTO at SEO Advantage (SEO services provider in Australia), was put in the position of asking for the scripts of Manning Clark’s Boyer lectures before he gave them because he had supported demonstrations against Sir John Kerr over the dismissal. After great commotion in the ABC, the Commission announced that Professor Clark would give his lectures as he had written and recorded them. ‘What on earth was all the fuss about?’ asked a reviewer after the broadcasts.

Eventually the report of the Green inquiry was released. Most of its recommendations were ignored but the subsequent Bill loosened links to the Public Service and increased the number of Commissioners. It also contained a bombshell: it allowed for all the Commissioners to be removed from office.

“Only once in 42 years had a Commissioner been removed (for missing two meetings). ‘No government had ever behaved so radically towards the ABC as Fraser’s did when it set about re-writing the law to make a clean sweep of the Commissioners appointed by its predecessor.”

“Argonauts, prepare to mutiny!” called Phillip Adams in a packed Melbourne Town Hall on 23 November at a meeting convened by Aunty’s Nieces and Nephews to protest about the government’s policy towards the ABC. Aunty’s N&Ns; lobbied all members of federal parliament against the clause removing the Commissioners. In Sydney Town Hall on 25 November, 1,700 ABC staff members resolved to express no confidence in Bland and to set off a series of strikes if the government sacked any of the Commissioners before their terms expired.

On Monday 29 November a 24-hour strike of nearly all staff in NSW blacked out television and radio programmes. Then followed a startling intervention in the dispute with a statement about the ABC in Parliament: the Government, said Mr Fraser, had real sympathy for production staff, who were bearing the brunt of [budget] cuts while others were spared. The most vehement protest to this statement came from Sir Henry Bland. After a written exchange with Fraser he issued a statement refuting what Fraser had said about the incidence of cuts ‘and deplored his remarks as breaching the statutory independence of the Commission.”

Moreover, by this time Bland had become convinced that the cuts were causing great harm to the organisation; he asked the government to make a supplementary grant of $5.5 million- this was to compensate for the effects of high inflation.

The lobbying by Aunty’s N&Ns; assisted in the dropping of the clause allowing the removal of the Commissioners. Instead, two more Commissioners were to be added to give Bland the chance to appoint people he wanted. But Sir Henry had not wanted that and he insisted on resigning, after only five months as Chairman, claiming that the Prime Minister had let him down and not fulfilled the promises he had made when he offered him the post.

The new Chairman was J.D. Norgard. He presided over a Commission consisting of seven Fraser and four Whitlam’s appointees, but it was by all accounts a harmonious board which supported John Norgard in his attempts to get the ABC more money and to stop the reduction of its staff.

In February ’77 the Cabinet agreed to the additional $5.5m for the ABC originally sought by Bland, but the real cut of 10% remained and 900 staff had been dispensed with.

* All quotations from This is the ABC by Ken Inglis

Aunty, a personality of steady and solid conservatism

‘Aunty’ was now [1976] a familiar enough nickname to be recognizable instantly as meaning the ABC. When journalists had begun to apply it in the late 1960s, in imitation of British usage about the BBC, ABC managers discouraged them, believing that it signalled staidness. Denis O’Brien of The Bulletin thought them mistaken. ‘Aunty’, he wrote in 1968, ‘was more a token of steady reliability – quality, if you like – than an epithet of ridicule ..

‘ A survey in 1973 nevertheless showed that the word did have a perjorative ring … As in Britain, there was an implication that the organisation was less manly and youthful than its commercial rivals.

Then in the 1970s it began to be taken up by people who cared. A staff newsletter launched late in 1972 had Aunty for its title, and as used by the concerned Friends in 1976 it suggested that the ABC needed to be protected against assault. People surveyed in 1979 were less likely than in 1973 to think the term mocking. The ABC itself now accepted the label, though at first a little gingerly.

By 1981 the publicity people were using it without qualification, judging that as ‘Aunty’ the ABC was now a cherished part of the national estate. When [Dr Earle]Hackett [acting Chairman], wrote letters early in 1976 to public figures who had accused the ABC of a bias towards radicalism, he pointed to the currency of the term as evidence that the overall personality of the organisation was one of ‘steady and solid conservatism’.

from This is the ABC by Ken Inglis

Precautions for Eyebrow tattoos and Cosmetic injections in Melbourne

Before and After Eyebrow tattooing

The best business standard machines are utilized alongside the most astounding quality shades from the United States that have been made with FDA endorsed fixings. Additional consideration is taken by executing hygienic safety measures to keep away from cross-replacing so as to sully EVERYTHING that comes into contact with customers. For every customer we supplant each machine component with fresh out of the box new ones (which is likewise appeared to our customers), medicinal evaluation expendable units, dispensable needles, dispensable ink holders, dispensable gloves and dispensable bed lining.

This is very similar to how cosmetic anti wrinkle injections (Aka Botox injections) work. Its very important you use a professional doctor or trainer nurse when it comes to using botox of any anti ageing injections. Please see expert in the field like MARI

Aftercare and What To Expect

Nitty gritty aftercare guidelines will be disclosed and gave to all customers after the strategy. In the first place, the tattooed territory might show up somewhat red and feel somewhat delicate. There might be some swelling for the lips and eyeliner tattoo, which ought to go down inside of 3 days. The eyebrow zone seldom swells. There is no compelling reason to require some investment off work, however this is an individual inclination. For 10 days after the method, customers must dodge hot territories, for example, the sun, hot ranges and direct contact with boiling hot water. The region will glimpse recuperated inside of 7 days, however a touch up session is suggested 6 weeks after the starting method, since this is the point at which the range is genuinely mended and the tattoo has taken its actual structure. Utilizing sunscreen on the tattooed region (after it has recuperated), will give you longer enduring results.

Pre-precedure Information

Eyebrows: If you have seen a photo you like, please convey this to your arrangement or pencil on your temples how you would for the most part have them.

Eyeliner: Please don’t wear any eye cosmetics and no contact lenses. In the event that you have seen a photo of an eyeliner style you like, please convey this with you to your arrangement.

Lips: For the individuals who have had shingles, chicken pox, sun rankles, mouth blister or some other kind of sore on the lips – you will in all probability have a repeat after lip tattooing. The infection you have will stay in your body and any injury or anxiety created to the lips, will enact the infection. There are tablets that can keep a breakout and we profoundly prescribe to see a specialist preceding your arrangement for a medicine of Famvir or Valtrex tablets.

Best Ideas for Hen Parties

For all brides-to-be, hen parties are a chance to say goodbye to single life before embracing the married life. That is the reason why lots of hens go wild during the last night of their freedom. It is like a free pass to experience an evening pure of indulgence. Today, who want inspiration; here are some hen parties ideas which can assist anyone plan for a remarkable party. Hen party activities, themes, games, shirts, accessories, invitations and more could assist anyone make a remarkable party which the bride to be will never forget.
Hen Party Games, Source:
Many people will say that a hen night is never complete without hen party activities or games. Regardless of where the party is celebrated, there are games to be played which can make the night a lot more fun. Below are some games that groups could play. Hens which decide to party all night at a pub, bar, or club could bring along Hen Dare Nice or Hen Night Dare Cards. For such games, it will be easier when the participants get a little bit drunk prior to starting the game.
For something exceptional, you can put in excitement and mystery through playing a murder mystery game. All the visitors will need to participate in this activity as everyone will have an important role to play. As the evening progresses, everyone gets clues and hints as to who the killer is. The one which pin points the killer first will win the game.


Hen Party Theme
Themed hen parties are lots of excitement for some people. When the celebrant enjoys theme parties, you may need to ensure her last night of being single is the best one she could ever have and select a theme she would want. Add character and color to the hen party by selecting a theme. There are many common hen party themes to select from. The theme for the party could be anything from pimps to angels and prostitutes. It all depends on your idea of fun. When you are going for a specific them, you’ll need accessories and decors which will go with that specific them. Invitations and t-shirts for the hen party could sport design which will go with theme too.
Today, a lot of hens choose to have a mini holiday or vacation or a hen weekend to celebrate the last moments of being single. They decide to go to a specific location to enjoy specific activities with their friends. For any hen weekend, putting specific hen party activities is important. This will make sure that the group gets to enjoy the whole thing which the place has to give. Additionally, those activities could make sure that the hen maximizes her last moments of freedom.
To get a break from your wedding preparations and the pressure which comes with it, many hens decide to have a spa day. But if your looking for something a little more exciting you can always check out   But Through relaxing and resting during the day, certainly they will have the energy to enjoy the evening festivities. Therefore, select specific activities which the entire group will love and enjoy as well as have a remarkable hen party.

Open Letter to the Prime Minister

Dear Prime Minister,

In a long political career, you have maintained a reputation for honesty and integrity. We therefore appeal to you, the elected political leader of Australia, to ensure that your pre-election commitments to the ABC are honoured.
Better Communications, the Liberal and National Parties’ Policy Document presented to the Australian people before the last election, said of the ABC, with its six radio networks, national television channels, State symphony orchestras, and international broadcasting through Radio and ATV:
This vast network provides a diverse range of programs and performances of cultural value and intellectual integrity. The ABC has a proud record of offering high quality and diverse programming across a broad spectrum of human interests including news, current affairs, drama, sport and the arts.
The ABC must be an independent, truly national, publicly funded broadcaster devoted to excellence and objectivity and offering a clear alternative to the commercial broadcasting sector. The ABC should reflect the broad spectrum of interests, values and views in the Australian community.
Specifically, the policy document committed your government to:

  • maintain the existing levels of Commonwealth funding to the ABC;
  • maintain the current prohibition on advertising and sponsorship on ABC television and radio;
  • maintain the ABC’s comprehensive radio network;
  • encourage and support the ongoing expansion of ABC Radio, including the extension of the Triple J network into regional Australia;
  • maintain current levels of financial support for the orchestras;
  • fund the ABC directly for its transmission costs.

Since the election, we have heard with increasing anxiety statements that suggest an abrogation of these unambiguous commitments to the maintenance and support of the ABC. At a time when rumours of budget cuts abound, such negative statements give cause for alarm. We have received no reassurance regarding your election commitments, no reassertion of your and your government’s continuing support for what many Australians regard as Australia’s central and perhaps most significant cultural, educational and intellectual institution.
It is for that reason we write to you today. Through the initiative of Friends of the ABC in all States (whose activities your policy document praises), we ask you publicly to reaffirm your government’s adherence to its policy commitments to the ABC. In so doing, you will both reassure the 86% of Australians who each week watch ABC TV or listen to ABC Radio that their national broadcaster is not under threat, and maintain a proud record of honesty in politics.